Small, sturdy, balanced dog, slightly longer than height at withers. The breed appears smart due to the profuse hair. Nobody knows exactly the origin of the breed. The Italian Bolognese or the French Bichon à poil frisé could be the basic of Bolonka. Bolognese dogs were the pets of the famous women such as Madame Pompadour, Katharina of Russia or Maria Theresia of Austria.
During the 20th century, the breeders in RUSSIA crossed Franzuskaya Bolonka (white color) with small colored dogs and since 1966 little colored dogs called TSVETNAYA BOLONKA (colored Bichon) are bred and shown on Russian breed shows.
In GERMANY these dogs are known as BOLONKA ZWETNA since the 1980’s or in the last years under the name DEUTSCHER BOLONKA (have got shorter muzzle, are smaller as Bolonka Zwetna). The “both” Bolonka breeds have in general the parents from the similar blood lines.
In CZECH REPUBLIC Bolonkas are bred under the breed name BAREVNÝ BOLO?SKÝ PSÍK (BOLONAIS COLOR). Bolonkas are in the pedigrees many times mistakenly called Bolognese (in English). There are attempts to develop independent national breed called Barevný bolo?ský psík, nevertheless the parents of the puppies are called in the pedigrees Tsvetnaya Bolonka or Bolonka Zwetna.
So many different names of the breed make the problems in the pedigrees. The parents of one puppy could be the Bolonka Zwetna or Tsvetnaya Bolonka or Deutscher Bolonka or Barevný bolo?ský psík. Than you have the problem what breed name shall have your puppy. In all breed names is one word common – concretely BOLONKA. We hope that the word/name Bolonka can be in the future acceptable for all breeders. What will be the final breed name approved by FCI can know anybody today.
The way to FCI approval will be not easy. Eight unrelated blood lines of Bolonkas are needed for the FCI breed approval. Very important is the close cooperation of all breeders that would like to develop a typical and ideal type of Bolonka. How the ideal Bolonka will look like will bring only the time and preferences of the breeders and Bolonka fans.
To compare Bolonkas with the other breeds, Bolonka is absolutely new breed. So we wish this wonderful breed much success and many top puppies that will improve the quality of the breed.GENERAL APPEARANCE: Small, sturdy, balanced dog, slightly longer than height at withers. The breed appears smart due to the profuse hair.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of body slightly longer than height at withers. Muzzle a little shorter than skull.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Balanced, lively, Friendly.
HEAD: In proportion with the dog, of medium size.
Skull: Moderately broad, slightly rounded.
Nose: Not protruding. Black or in harmony with the different colors of coat.
Muzzle: Lean, straight, a little shorter than the skull, slightly tapered to the nose.
Jaws / Teeth: A Scissors bite is desirable. Level bite is admitted. Slight undershot is tolerated.
Eyes: Of medium size, roundish, dark brown or hazel colored, set a little obliquely. Eyelids are thin, lean, tight, eye rims black or in harmony with the different colors of coat.
Ears: Small, set on high, carried drooping or folded, the tips of the ear are closed to the skull.
NECK: Of medium length, lean, carried high.
Withers: moderately developed.
Back: Straight, strong, broad, well muscled.
Loins: Short, slightly arched.
Croup: Broad, a little bit slanting.
Chest: Deep, moderately broad, oval shaped.
Belly: Slightly tucked up.
Tail: Of medium length, set on high, carried gaily with curve over back to either side.
LIMBS:FOREQUARTERS: Seen from front, the front legs are straight, vertical and parallel, in good proportion and of good length in relation to the body.
Shoulders: The angle at the shoulders joint varies between 90 degrees and 110 degrees.
Elbows: Turned neither in or out.
Pasterns: Strong almost upright.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the back, the hindlegs are straight and parallel, set a little bit wider than the forequarters. Angulation of the rear limb must be such as to produce a level back.
FEET: Small, arched, tight, slightly oval shaped.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: light, free.
HAIR: Dense, thick, prose, silky, soft and supple, forming large curls or very wavy. Large curls are referred. Undercoat well developed. Not forming a parting of the back. Head has well-developed beard and moustaches.
COLOR: Any colors overall except white: black, black and tan, brown, brown and tan, gray (wolf, silver), red, fawn, cream, saddle, brindle. A little white on the forechest and / or toes is tolerated.
SIZE: Desirable height at withers 24-26 cm.
FAULTS: Any departure from the forgoing point should be considered a fault and the Seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should in exact proportion to its degree. N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.